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Cardiovascular and pulmonary health effects of air pollution - long term effects in Sweden and effects of wood smoke

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Title: Cardiovascular and pulmonary health effects of air pollution - long term effects in Sweden and effects of wood smoke
Authors: Stockfelt, Leo
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2016
University: University of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska Academy
Institution: Institute of Medicine. Department of Public Health and Community Medicine
Parts of work: I. Stockfelt L, Sallsten G, Olin A-C, Almerud P, Samuelsson L, Johannesson S, Molnár P, Strandberg B, Almstrand A-C, Bergemalm-Rynell K, Barregard L. Effects on airways of short-term exposure to two kinds of wood smoke in a chamber study of healthy humans. Inhalation Toxicology 2012; 24, 47-59.

II. Stockfelt L, Sallsten G, Almerud P, Basu S, Barregard L. Short-term chamber exposure to low doses of two kinds of wood smoke does not induce systemic inflammation, coagulation or oxidative stress in healthy humans. Inhalation Toxicology 2013; 25, 417-425.

III. Molnár P, Stockfelt L, Barregard L, Sallsten G. Residential NOx exposure in a 35-year cohort study. Changes of exposure, and comparison with back extrapolation for historical exposure assessment. Atmospheric Environment 2015; 115, 62-69.

IV. Stockfelt L, Andersson EM, Molnár P, Rosengren A, Wilhelmsen L, Sallsten G, Barregard L. Long term effects of residential NOx exposure on total and cause-specific mortality and incidence of myocardial infarction in a Swedish cohort. Environmental Research 2015; 142, 197- 206.

Date of Defence: 2016-03-18
Disputation: Fredagen den 18 mars 2016, kl 9.00, Sal Hamberger, Medicinaregatan 16A, Göteborg
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy (Medicine)
Publication type: Doctoral thesis
Keywords: Air pollution
wood smoke
human exposure studies
dispersion modelling
cohort studies
cardiovascular disease
Abstract: Exposure to air pollution is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Main suggested mechanisms are airway and systemic inflammation, affecting hemostasis in the short term and atherosclerosis in the long term. Few studies have investigated the effects over decades, or which time-windows of exposure are the most relevant. In Sweden and many other countries wood burning is one of the largest sources of air pollution. The main aims of this t... more
ISBN: 978-91-628-9726-0 (printed)
978-91-628-9797-7 (e-publ)
Appears in Collections:Doctoral Theses from Sahlgrenska Academy
Doctoral Theses from University of Gothenburg / Doktorsavhandlingar från Göteborgs universitet
Doctoral Theses / Doktorsavhandlingar Institutionen för medicin



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