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Going Historical: Measuring Democraticness before the Age of Mass Democracy
Most studies of democratic developments are limited to the period after World War II. However, political regimes varied according to different aspects of democracy long before the establishment of modern liberal mass ...
Local Democracy and Economic Growth
Theoretical work on the institutional sources of economic growth regards decentralization and democracy in a positive light. Despite this, empirical work shows that neither fiscal decentralization nor national democracy ...
Democracy, Democratization, and Civil War
An influential body of scholarship has associated both democracy and democratization with civil war. Important findings include the so-called inverted U-shaped relationship between democracy-levels and civil war onset and ...
Measuring Electoral Democracy with V-Dem Data: Introducing a New Polyarchy Index
This paper presents a new measure of electoral democracy, or "polyarchy", for a global sample of 173 countries from 1900 to the present based on the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data, enabling us to address several ...
Civil Society, Party Institutionalization, and Democratic Breakdown in the Interwar Period
The relationship between the strength of civil society and democratic survival in the interwar period has been much debated. Prominent studies have questioned the existence of a positive association, arguing that the ...