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Going Historical: Measuring Democraticness before the Age of Mass Democracy
Most studies of democratic developments are limited to the period after World War II. However, political regimes varied according to different aspects of democracy long before the establishment of modern liberal mass ...
Democracy, Democratization, and Civil War
An influential body of scholarship has associated both democracy and democratization with civil war. Important findings include the so-called inverted U-shaped relationship between democracy-levels and civil war onset and ...
Civil Society, Party Institutionalization, and Democratic Breakdown in the Interwar Period
The relationship between the strength of civil society and democratic survival in the interwar period has been much debated. Prominent studies have questioned the existence of a positive association, arguing that the ...