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Measuring Electoral Democracy with V-Dem Data: Introducing a New Polyarchy Index
This paper presents a new measure of electoral democracy, or "polyarchy", for a global sample of 173 countries from 1900 to the present based on the Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) data, enabling us to address several ...
Civil Society, Party Institutionalization, and Democratic Breakdown in the Interwar Period
The relationship between the strength of civil society and democratic survival in the interwar period has been much debated. Prominent studies have questioned the existence of a positive association, arguing that the ...