MUNKMODELLEN – NÅGOT NYTT UNDER SOLEN? En idéanalys av social-, ekonomisk- och ekologisk hållbarhet i Agenda 2030 och Munkmodellen
Today, the world faces numerous social-, economic- and ecological challenges every day. Due to these challenges, the need for a transition to sustainable systems has increased. Agenda 2030 and Doughnut Economics are two models that suggest ways to achieve sustainable development. The latter has gotten more attention after covid-19 and is considered more concrete on achieving sustainable development than Agenda 2030. Despite my efforts, I found no previous research comparing these two models. Specifically, I could not find any research examining whether Doughnut Economics offers new insights or ideas not present in Agenda 2030. Therefore, the purpose of this bachelor´s thesis has been to compare Agenda 2030 and Doughnut Economics to see if they are equivalent, competing, or complementary. To do so I performed an idea analysis with classifications as an analysis tool and examined differences and similarities in how the models relate to social-, economic- and ecological sustainability. The study found that Agenda 2030 and Doughnut Economics have similarities and differences in terms of social and ecological sustainability, but only differences in terms of economic sustainability. Furthermore, it discovered that depending on the focus on social-, economic- and ecological sustainability, Agenda 2030 and Doughnut Economics can be considered equivalents, competing and complementary.