”Chefers förutsättningar att stödja medarbetare med vanliga psykiska sjukdomar” – en litteraturstudie
Background: Mental illness has increased in Sweden as well as in other countries. Mental illness can lead to common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety and exhaustion. Focus today is often on providing the individual tools to reduce their symptoms of mental illness instead of getting grip of the actual cause of mental illness. Employers are responsible for employees’ work environment and for preventing ill health. But what are the conditions for managers in organizations to support employees with common mental disorders? Aim: The aim of the study was to map the research regarding managers' conditions for supporting employees with common mental disorders such as exhaustion, anxiety and depression (CMD = Common Mental Disorders). Method: The study is a literature study with a systematic search using an inductive data collection method. 19 studies that met the inclusion criterias were included in the study. Result: The findings indicate various factors that influence managers' conditions to support employees with common mental disorders. The results can be summarized in 6 categories/themes: Managers' knowledge & understanding of mental disorders, Education & competence development around mental disorders, Policies & guidelines linked to mental disorders, Strategies & support linked to mental disorders, Managers' attitudes towards mental disorders, Structure, responsibility & cooperation linked to mental disorders. Conclusion: The findings indicate that managers' conditions for supporting employees with common mental disorders is a complex area and the conditions are often connected and influence each other.