När publiken får makten - En kvalitativ studie över hur klick och annan webbstatistik påverkar nyhetsvärderingen på svenska lokaltidningar
The aim of this study was to investigate how a strategic selection of journalists at Swedish local newspapers perceive that the significance of audience demand, expressed through web statistics and clicks, influences and affects their work with news values and news selection online. Additionally, the purpose was to find out how journalists at Swedish local newspapers handle the dilemma between reporting about news subjects that they consider to be of importance for their audience, and news that the audience demands seen through different web analytic tools. The study is based on a theoretical framework consisting of journalistic news evaluation (Galtung and Ruge, 1965; Gans, 2004) and the increasing commercialization of modern journalism. In the latter, we have reevaluated and processed the known study about the importance of the four different markets of commercialized media, originally created by John H. McManus (1994), to better fit the current state of the local media climate in Sweden. As a result, we have used the processed version of McManus theory in the operationalization of the study. This theory tool was later used to analyze the results of the study. The study used a qualitative interviewing method to answer the empirical research questions. A semi-structured interview guide was constructed where the questions asked were based on previous research and the theoretical framework mentioned above. Eight semi-structured interviews were then carried out based on a strategic selection of journalists from eight different local newspapers in Sweden. Besides the different geographical positions, the strategic selection included a variety of ages, work roles, media concerns, previous experiences and genders. The findings of this study implied that the usage of statistics and clicks, as a tool to examine what the audience demand, greatly affects the news evaluation at Swedish local newspapers. The interviewed journalists perceive that these statistics influence the work in many aspects. For instance, the journalists know which news subjects will perform well online and will therefore adapt the news evaluation accordingly. More so, the amount of attention news gets from the audience greatly affects the exposure on the front page. The result of the study also shows that the local journalists believe that reporting about important subjects, such as local politics, is crucial. At the same time they also experience that these coverages have decreased as a result of how they perform online. To prevent the “important” news from disappearing completely, the journalists seek to present them in a more attractive way.
Häggström Wedding, Jonatan
Local news, news values, audience demand, clicks and web statistics, commercialization of journalism and Swedish journalism