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Autonoma fordon i transportnätverket - En studie om de implementeringsbarriärer som föreligger för tunga autonoma transporter

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Title: Autonoma fordon i transportnätverket - En studie om de implementeringsbarriärer som föreligger för tunga autonoma transporter
Authors: Petré, Axel
Lidgard, Tom
Issue Date: 5-Jul-2021
Degree: Student essay
Series/Report no.: Logistik
Abstract: Autonoma tunga transporter förmodas förändra transportsektorn i grunden. För att kunna implementera dessa fordonslösningar i dagens transportsystem behöver emellertid flertalet barriärer överkommas. Syftet med denna studie har varit att kategorisera och verifiera de barriärer som föreligger en implementering av tunga autonoma transporter. Studien har författats hos teknikföretaget Einride, vilka tillhandahåller förarlösa lastbilar. Målet har varit att påvisa att privat och offentlig sektor ... more
Description: Autonomous heavy transports are expected to fundamentally change the transport system. However, in order to be able to implement these vehicle solutions in today’s transport system, barriers need to be overcome. The purpose of this study has been to categorize and verify the barriers that exist related to the implementation of autonomous heavy transports. The Swedish tech-company Einride, which provides driverless trucks, has given the authors of this essay the possibility to conduct this study for them. The aim of the study has been to demonstrate that the private and public sectors together provide a cross-sectoral verification of the barriers described in the existing research in the field. Semi-structured interviews with actors from the private and public sectors have laid the foundation for the empirical material. Together with a qualitative research approach, a categorization and verification of the barriers for implementation identified in the used literature has been made possible. The main result of the study shows that some barriers outweigh others. The barriers categorized are related to infrastructure, legal frameworks, safety, cybersecurity and costs. The study concludes that barriers related to infrastructure and law constitute the dominant barriers for implementing autonomous heavy transports. Future research and work need to adopt an international perspective. Legal frameworks and infrastructural issues are expected to be adjusted in line with the automation of the transport system only when traffic legislation and digital infrastructure are prioritized at a higher instance. Thus, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe is the outset of a crucial change management process, one that is essential for a large-scale implementation of autonomous transports.
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