Styrmedel för uttjänta fritidsbåtar
Policies for end-of-life-leisure-boats
Today there is approximately 940 000 leisure bots in Sweden and 85 000 of these are considered to have reached their end of life. The scrapping and recycling of end-of-life-leisure-boats is insufficient, and the risk of boats getting dumped is thereby increasing. End-of-life-leisure-boats left in marine areas may contribute to an increase of marine plastic pollution and hazardous substances such as propellant, oils and glycol risk to enter sensitive ecosystems trough leakage. To minimize the number of end-of-life-leisure-boats in Sweden the Swedish agency for water and marine management gave, in September 2018 the first of five founding’s to increase scrapping and recycling. At total, the founding’s financed scrapping and recycling of 1594 end-of-life-leisure-boats to a cost of approximately 12 million SEK. The foundlings are not considered to be a long-term solution and thereby other policy instruments needs to be studied. This thesis primarily examines the extended producer responsibility, along with a continued public founding, mandatory owner register and boat owner responsibility. The result of the thesis shows that an extended producer responsibility would transfer the cost to the polluters, namely producers and consumers, and thereby follow the Polluter Pays Principle and by that also the European and Swedish environmental law. The extended producer responsibility is the policy instrument, of the studied policies, which is considered to have the highest potential to reduce the problems regarding end-of-life-leisure-boats, but the result shows that an effective implementation requires multiple policy instruments.