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Individuellt företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i Stockholms stad.


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Title: Individuellt företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i Stockholms stad.
Authors: Holthe Gerhard, Marco
Issue Date: 19-Dec-2018
Degree: Student essay
Series/Report no.: Kandidatuppsats i Geografi, med inriktning på kulturgeografi
2018/13
Keywords: Ensamföretagande
utländsk bakgrund
segregation
Abstract: Frågan om olika former av sysselsättning har blivit särskilt aktuellt under senare år. En av de viktigaste anledningarna är situationen för den stadigt ökande andelen personer med utländsk bakgrund i Sverige. Andelen anställda förvärvsarbetande är betydligt lägre bland personer med utländsk bakgrund än hos personer med svensk bakgrund. Skillnader i sysselsättningsgrad mellan personer med utländsk respektive personer med svensk bakgrund bidrar till socioekonomiska skillnader vilka i sin tur ... more
Description: The issue of different forms of employment in Sweden has become particularly relevant in recent years. One of the most important reasons is the situation for the ever-increasing proportion of persons with a foreign background. The share of individuals employed is significantly lower among people with a foreign background than for those with a Swedish background. Differences in employment rates between persons with foreign and Swedish backgrounds contribute to socioeconomic inequality which, in turn, can contribute to increased segregation. Self-employment in the form of private companies or limited companies without employees can be an alternative to being an employee and may be of particular interest to persons with a foreign background in terms of their employment. The driving forces behind starting and running a business can be very different depending upon a number of factors. These factors can among other things be connected to either positive or negative individual motives, differing market conditions, or incentives carried out by government or institutions. Much of the focus of this paper is on the various driving forces that can contribute to the decision to start and run a small business, especially for people with a foreign background. This paper takes a quantitative approach to the spatial distribution of entrepreneurship in the form of private business or limited companies without employees of persons with a foreign background in the city districts of Stockholm. The study consists of two bivariate regression analyses of the respective types of companies in relation to the proportion of residents with a foreign background in their respective districts. As a background, a number of theories about driving forces are also studied. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the proportion of residents with a foreign background and the proportion of residents running their own small businesses without employees. In addition to the distribution of the proportion of individuals with foreign backgrounds as well as the proportion of small businesses without employees in and between the various district areas, the question is also discussed whether differences in the proportion of individual companies can be explained by differences in the proportion of persons with a foreign background. The results show that there is no significant correlation between the proportion of persons with a foreign background and the frequency of private companies. On the other hand, the relationship of limited companies without employees to the proportion of individuals with a foreign background is statistically significant and shows that, in the case of an increased proportion of persons with a foreign background, there is a reduction in the proportion of limited companies without employees.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/58483
Appears in Collections:Kandidatuppsatser / Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle, avdelningen för kulturgeografi (2013-)

 

 

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