Exploring the heterogeneity of the hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell pool in cord blood
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a curative treatment for a wide range of malignant and hereditary disorders. It is yet the only clinically established stem cell treatment. Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) can be harvest-ed from bone marrow (BM), stimulated peripheral blood (PBSC) or umbilical cord blood (CB) collected from the placenta after clamping of the cord. A critical factor for the success of HSCT is the dose of functioning HSPC the recipient receives. The Na-tional Swedish Cord Blood Bank (NSCBB) was founded in 2005. We compiled the achievements of the NSCBB and investigated the impact of a change of practices from early to delayed clamping on CB collection volume and nucleated cell number. We developed novel methods using flow cytometry for measurement of functional HSPC in CB, firstly for the simultaneous definition of the Hoechst Side Population (SP), Aldehyde Dehydrogenase activity (ALDH) and the expression of the surface protein CD34 and secondly for the definition of viable and apoptotic cells in the ALDH and CD34 positive populations respectively. Finally, we screened for bi-omarkers in CB plasma that may predict the HSPC content in the corresponding CB collection using a multiplex immunoassay. The NSCBB stands up well in international comparison and the implementation of delayed clamping had no major effect on collection efficiency. There was no overlap between the SP and the ALDH popula-tions, suggesting that they define HSPC pools with different properties. Few apoptotic cells were identified in the ALDH population compared to the viable CD34 positive population, indicating that the ALDH assay intrinsically excludes apoptotic cells. We identified the CDCP-1 protein as a possible biomarker for HSPC content in CB.
Parts of work
I. Frändberg S et al. High quality cord blood banking is feasible with delayed clamping practices. The eight-year experience and current status of the national Swedish Cord Blood Bank.Cell Tissue Bank. 2016 Sep; 17(3): 439-48. ::PMID:: 27342904II. Frändberg S et al. Exploring the heterogeneity of the hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell pool in cord blood: simultaneous staining for side population, aldehyde dehydrogenase activity, and CD34 expression. Transfusion. 2015 Jun; 55(6):1283-9. ::PMID:: 25647229III: Frändberg S et al. The aldehyde dehydrogenase cord potency assay excludes early apoptotic cells.IV: Frändberg S et al. Concentration of the CDCP1 protein in human cord plasma may serve as a predictor of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell content.
Doctor of Philosophy (Medicine)
University of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska Academy
Institute of Biomedicine. Department of Clinical Chemistry and Transfusion Medicine
Tisdagen den 14 november 2017, kl 09.00, Hörsal Arvid Carlsson, Academicum, Medicinaregatan 3, Göteborg
Date of defence
Cord blood bank
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells