Democracy Aid Effectiveness: Variation Across Regime Types
Large-N studies suggest that democracy aid is effective, while multiple small-N investigations call such findings into question. This paper accounts for this contradiction and significantly improves our understanding of democracy aid effectiveness by disaggregating democracy aid into specific types and examining effectiveness in different regime types. We argue that a specific type of aid is more likely to be effective when the aid does not pose a threat to regime survival and when the aid matches the particular democratic deficits in a country. Analysis of OECD aid and Varieties of Democracy data for 119 countries from 2002-2012 supports our argument.
For helpful comments, we thank Agnes Cornell, Kyle Marquardt, Svend-Erik Skaaning and participants of the 2016 V-Dem Internal Research Conference, the 2016 Development Research Conference in Stockholm, the Effective Democracy Aid panel at the American Political Science Association 2016 annual meeting, and the 2016 European Consortium for Political Research General Conference where earlier versions of this paper were discussed. We gratefully acknowledge funding for this research project from the Riksbankens Jubileumsfond (grant M13-0559:1), the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation (Grant 2013.0166), and the Australian Research Council DECRA funding scheme (grant number RG142911, grant name DE150101692).