How Do Students’ Mathematics SelfEfficacy, Mathematics SelfConcept and Mathematics Anxiety Influence Mathematical Literacy? — A Comparison between ShanghaiChina and Sweden in PISA 2012
Abstract
Aim: The aim of this thesis is to examine the differences in the influence of student’s Mathematics selfefficacy, Mathematics selfconcept and Mathematics anxiety on their mathematical literacy between ShanghaiChina and Sweden, while taking students’ economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) into consideration.
Theory: Social cognitive theory proposed by Bandura (2011) indicates selfefficacy is regarded as individuals’ conviction of their capability of solving issues and pursuing desirable achievement. Selfconcept and anxiety are closely related to selfefficacy according to recent research. In PISA 2012, the related constructs in Mathematics are Mathematics selfefficacy, Mathematics selfconcept and Mathematics anxiety.
Method: Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is applied to the data analysis with the help of Statistic Software Program SPSS and Mplus. Applying data from the Programme For International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012, measurement properties of students’ Mathematics selfefficacy, Mathematics selfconcept, and Mathematics anxiety are explored in the two education systems. The underlying dimensions in these aforementioned constructs are captured in terms of latent variables. These identified latent variables are in a later step related to mathematical literacy achievement.
Results: Mathematics selfefficacy is found to be the strongest factor of students’ mathematical literacy in both ShanghaiChina and Sweden. Mathematics anxiety has a negative effect contribution to mathematical literacy in these two countries. Compared with Sweden, students from ShanghaiChina have a higher level of Mathematics selfefficacy, but lower levels of Mathematics selfconcept contributing to higher mathematical literacy. Students’ economic, social and cultural status plays a more important role in influencing Mathematics literacy in Sweden.
Degree
Student Essay
Collections
View/Open
Date
20160705Author
Ding, Yi
Keywords
Mathematical literacy
Mathematics selfefficacy
Mathematics selfconcept
Mathematics anxiety
ESCS
ShanghaiChina
Sweden
Structural Equation Modelling
Parcelling
PISA
Series/Report no.
Master
VT16 IPS PDA184:11
Language
eng
Metadata
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