Neuromodulation of hippocampal single cell- and network activity by human cerebrospinal fluid
Neuromodulation is a key process determining the function of central neurons. The brain extracellular fluid contains numerous neuromodulatory substances (neuromodulators), but how they collective influence neuronal activity in vivo is not known. This thesis work attempts to shed light on this issue by examining the neuromodulatory influence of human cerebrospinal fluid (hCSF) on neurons in rat and mouse hippocampal brain slices, using a matched artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF, devoid of neuromodulators) as control. The methodology comprises intracellular and extracellular recording techniques and, to lesser extent, biochemical and histological procedures. In paper I we examine the effect of hCSF on CA1 pyramidal cells. We find that hCSF induces in vivo-like properties in these neurons, powerfully boosting spontaneous action potential firing, depolarizing the resting membrane potential and lowering the action potential threshold. In paper II we record from GABAergic fast-spiking and non-fast-spiking interneurons in the CA1 hippocampus and show that hCSF excites both types of neurons through mechanisms involving reductions in afterhyperpolarization amplitudes and action potential threshold. Finally, in paper III, we show that hCSF induces spontaneous network gamma oscillations in the CA3 stratum pyramidale, via a cholinergic mechanism, and enhances electrical theta resonance in CA1 pyramidal cells through potentiation of two separate voltage-gated conductances. Taken together, the findings in this thesis project suggest that neuromodulators in brain extracellular fluid significantly contribute in shaping neuronal activity in vivo.
Parts of work
I. Bjorefeldt A, Andreasson U, Daborg J, Riebe I, Wasling P, Zetterberg H, Hanse E. Human cerebrospinal fluid increases the excitability of pyramidal neurons in the in vitro brain slice. J Physiol. 2015; 20: 121-133. ::doi::10.1113/jphysiol.2014.284711II. Bjorefeldt A, Wasling P, Zetterberg H, Hanse E. Neuromodulation of fast-spiking and non-fast-spiking hippocampal CA1 interneurons by human cerebrospinal fluid. Submitted manuscript.III. Bjorefeldt A, Kurudenkandy R, Hanse E, Fisahn A. Human cerebrospinal fluid promotes spontaneous gamma oscillations in the hippocampus in vitro. In manuscript.
Doctor of Philosophy (Medicine)
University of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska Academy
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology. Department of Physiology
Torsdagen den 10 december 2015, kl. 9.00, Hörsal Arvid Carlsson, Academicum, Medicinaregatan 3, Göteborg
Date of defence