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Kunskaper som byggde folkhemmet : En fallstudie av förutsättningar för lärande vid teknikskiften inom processindustrin


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Title: Kunskaper som byggde folkhemmet : En fallstudie av förutsättningar för lärande vid teknikskiften inom processindustrin
Authors: Ramsten, Anna-Carin
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2014
University: Göteborgs universitet. Utbildningsvetenskapliga fakulteten
University of Gothenburg. Faculty of Education
Institution: Department of Education, Communication and Learning ; Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande
Date of Defence: 2014-04-09
Disputation: Onsdag den 9 april 2014, kl 13.15 CE4 Pedagogen Hus C.
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy
Publication type: Doctoral thesis
Series/Report no.: ACTA
350
Keywords: workplace learning
communities of practide
boundary objects
boundary practices
learning and cultural tools
categorization
standardization
Abstract: Bostaden har en central roll i människors liv och bostadsbyggande är en viktig samhällsangelägenhet. Under de senaste hundra åren har kunskaper, tekniker och arbetsorganisation i byggindustrin utvecklats. Nya byggmaterial har uppfunnits, nya produktionsmetoder har vuxit fram och nya normer och standarder har införts i takt med att kraven på bostäder förändrats. Syftet med föreliggande avhandling är att belysa hur processarbete i en del av byggnadsämnesindustrin påverkats av denna utveckling unde... more
ISBN: 978-91-7346-781-0
978-91-7346-782-7
ISSN: 0436-1121
Description: Housing plays a central role in human life and is a major societal concern. The knowledge, techniques and craftsmanship in the construction industry are constantly developing. New materials are invented, new production methods emerge and new building norms and standards are introduced as the society’s expectations on quality and safety of housing increase. This work studies how the process flow and work situation in one segment of the construction industry were affected by the rapid development in the postwar era. The case study concerns a process industry where light concrete elements were produced for housing. The purpose is to study how knowledge and learning conditions change as new technologies are developed and intro¬duced into the working processes. What skills are, and will be, central to work given the different available technologies? What kind of learning is emerging when a new technology is introduced? The empirical work is based on a field study with participant observations, interviews, video documentation and archival studies. The field work consists of two authentic commissionings of an I&C system and one intensive on-site study of the work. The study is based on socio-cultural and situated perspec¬tives on learning with an interest in the interaction between people and tech¬nology, and in boundary work between communities of practice. The results show that the production of light concrete elements can be described in three technology generations: 1) mechanical appliances (1942), 2) semi-mechanical control panel (1966), and 3) a digital I&C system (1996). During these three generations, the conditions for learning the work and craftsmanship changed. The increasing computerization has transformed the work and made it more text-based. The founder obtains a functional position of power in the factory and the work is characterized by teamwork. Through digitization, the work becomes simultaneously both more abstract and more physical. One aspect of technological development is the emergence of new concepts, and standards built into the tools that contribute to the work processes become more and more text-based and integrated. Manuals and other texts can be seen as reifications of the collective knowledge developed through systematic quality work for many years in the business, but also in the entire construction sector. The commissioning of an I&C system meant limited opportunities for learning because no forum for mutual exchange of knowledge between the different practices was established.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/35146
Appears in Collections:Gothenburg Studies in Educational Sciences
Doctoral Theses from University of Gothenburg / Doktorsavhandlingar från Göteborgs universitet
Doctoral Theses / Doktorsavhandlingar Institutionen för pedagogik, kommunikation och lärande

 

 

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