Space for Urban Alternatives? CHRISTIANIA 1971-2011
In 1971, a group of young people broke into a closed down military area in Copenhagen. It was located not more than a mile from the Royal Danish Palace and the Danish parliament. Soon, the media published images and reports from the proclamation of the Freetown Christiania, and people travelled from all over Europe to be part of the foundation of a new community. A 'Christiania Act' passed by a broad parliamentary majority in 1989 legalised the squat and made it possible to grant Christiania the rigth to collective use of the area. However, this was reversed under the Liberal-Conservative government in 2004 when the parliament decided on changes in the 1989 Christiania law. The Freetown has refused to give up its claims on the property so it remains highly contested. Around 900 people live in Christiania today. It is governed through a decentralised democratic structure, whose autonomy is strongly contingent on the Freetown's external relations with the Danish government, the Copenhagen Municipality, the Copenhagen Police and to the organised crime in connection with the cannabis trade. This book brings together ten researchers from various disciplines; Sociology, Anthropology, History, Geography, Art, Urban planning, Landscape architecture and Political science to bring thier own reflections on the unique community that is Christiania. In the introductory chapter, the editors provide an overview of the research that has been done on the settlement from the early 1970s to the 2000s.
ERRATA -incorrect reference on page 351. The correct version; Tietjen, A, Riesto, S & Skov, P (eds) 2007, Forankring i forandring: Christiania og bevaring som ressource i byomdannelse, Arkitektskolen Aarhus, Aarhus.
CHAPTERS: Håkan Thörn, Cathrin Wasshede and Tomas Nilson Introduction: From ‘Social Experiment’ to ‘Urban Alternative’ — 40 Years of Research on the Freetown (p. 7-37); René Karpantschof Bargaining and Barricades — the Political Struggle over the Freetown Christiania 1971–2011 (p. 38-67); Håkan Thörn Governing Freedom — Debating Christiania in the Danish Parliament (p. 68-97); Signe Sophie Bøggild Happy Ever After? The Welfare City in between the Freetown and the New Town (p. 98-131); Maria Hellström Reimer The Hansen Family and the Micro-Physics of the Everyday (p. 132-155); Helen Jarvis Alternative Visions of Home and Family Life in Christiania: Lessons for the Mainstream (p. 156-180); Cathrin Wasshede Bøssehuset — Queer Perspectives in Christiania (p. 181-204); Tomas Nilson ‘Weeds and Deeds’ — Images and Counter Images of Christiania and Drugs (p. 205-234); Christa Simone Amouroux Normalisation within Christiania (p. 235-262); Amy Starecheski Consensus and Strategy: Narratives of Naysaying and Yeasaying in Christiania’s Struggles over Legalisation (p. 263-287); Anders Lund Hansen Christiania and the Right to the City (p. 288-308)
Amouroux, Christa Simone
Bøggild, Signe Sophie
Lund Hansen, Anders
Hellström Reimer, Maria