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Environmental and health hazards of chemicals in plastic polymers and products


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Title: Environmental and health hazards of chemicals in plastic polymers and products
Authors: Lithner, Delilah
E-mail: delilah.lithner@gmail.com
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2011
University: Göteborgs universitet. Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten
Institution: Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences ; Institutionen för växt- och miljövetenskaper
Parts of work: I. Lithner, D., Damberg, J., Dave, G., Larsson, Å., 2009. Leachates from plastic consumer products – Screening for toxicity with Daphnia magna. Chemosphere 74, 1195-1200.
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II. Lithner, D., Nordensvan, I., Dave, G., 2011. Comparative acute toxicity of leachates from plastic products made of polypropylene, polyethylene, PVC, acrylonitrilebutadiene- styrene and epoxy to Daphnia magna.
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III. Lithner, D., Ivåker, J., Dave, G., 2011. Comparative acute toxicity of leachates from synthetic textiles made of plastic fibres to Daphnia magna. Manuscript.

IV. Lithner, D., Halling, M., Dave, G., 2011. Toxicity of electronic waste leachates to Daphnia magna - Screening and Toxicity Identification Evaluation of different products, components and materials.
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V. Lithner, D., Larsson, Å., Dave, G., 2011. Environmental and health hazard ranking and assessment of plastic polymers based on chemical composition. Science of the Total Environment 409 (18), 3309-3324.
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ERRATUM: Lithner, D., Halling, M., Dave, G., 2012. Errata to: Toxicity of electronic waste leachates to Daphnia magna - Screening and Toxicity Identification Evaluation of different products, components and materials.
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Date of Defence: 2011-05-06
Disputation: Fredagen den 6 maj 2011, kl. 10.00, Hörsalen, Carl Skottbergs gata 22B.
Degree: Doctor of Philosophy
Publication type: Doctoral thesis
Keywords: plastics
plastic products
plastic polymers
consumer products
environmental hazards
environment
health hazards
human health
hazard ranking
hazard assessment
chemical ranking
hazard identification
hazard classifications
hazardous chemicals
hazardous substances
toxic substances
monomers
polymers
toxicity
acute toxicity
toxicity tests
Daphnia magna
Toxicity Identification Evaluation
TIE
leaching
leachates
product leachates
leaching tests
plastic materials
plastic
Abstract: Plastics are extremely diverse in terms of chemical composition, properties and possible applications, and are widely distributed in the society and the environment. In the last 15 years the global annual production has doubled, reaching 245 million tons in 2008. Several of the chemicals used to produce plastics are hazardous for human health and the environment. These, and their degradation products, may be released during the life cycle of a plastic product. The plastic polymers are not consi... more
ISBN: 978-91-85529-46-9
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/24978
Appears in Collections:Doctoral Theses / Doktorsavhandlingar Institutionen för växt- och miljövetenskaper
Doctoral Theses from University of Gothenburg / Doktorsavhandlingar från Göteborgs universitet

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