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Successful and Failed Episodes of Democratization: Conceptualization, Identification, and Description
What explains successful democratization? This paper makes four contributions towards providing more sophisticated answers to this question. Building on the comparative case study and large-N literature, it first presents ...
Autocratization by Decree: States of Emergency and Democratic Decline
States of emergency grant chief executives the power to bypass democratic constraints in order to combat existential threats. As such they are ideal tools to erode democratic institutions while maintaining the illusion of ...
Worth the sacrifice? Illiberal and authoritarian practices during Covid-19
Excessive use of emergency powers and limitations of media freedoms have raised concerns that Covid-19 is infecting democracy itself. How do government responses to Covid-19 violate democratic standards? How do such ...
Civil Society and Post-Independence Democracy Levels
The role of civil society for the consolidation of democracy is contested. Some argue that Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) are important “schools of democracy” and may foster democratic consolidation. Others emphasize ...