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dc.contributor.authorDong, Xiaowei
dc.date.accessioned2024-04-24T11:14:34Z
dc.date.available2024-04-24T11:14:34Z
dc.date.issued2024-04-24
dc.identifier.isbn978-91-8069-693-7 (PRINT)
dc.identifier.isbn978-91-8069-694-4 (PDF)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2077/79715
dc.description.abstractBackground: With the increasing ageing population in China, investigating risk factors for late-life depression is of particular importance. This thesis aims to investigate how family dynamics, community factors, and chronic conditions are associated with depression risk among older adults in the Chinese context. Methods: This thesis utilised data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) and the WHO Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE). Marginal structural models (MSMs) were performed to estimate the causal effects of family structure and offspring’s marital status on depressive symptoms (Study Ⅰ & Ⅱ). Causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess the mediating roles of material, behavioural, and psychosocial factors in a vision-depression association (Study Ⅲ). Three-level growth curve models were used to examine whether community factors may buffer or reinforce the effect of chronic health conditions on trajectories of depressive symptoms (Study Ⅳ). Findings: Older individuals living in single-member households and extended families were at greater risk of developing depressive symptoms than those living in couple families. Furthermore, older Chinese adults with offspring who were divorced or delayed marriage also exhibited higher levels of depression. In the Chinese population, visual impairment was associated with depression, and material, behavioural, and psychosocial mediators together account for a substantial proportion of the total effect. The results indicated a strong association between chronic diseases and the trajectories of depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms appeared to be less pronounced in more age-friendly communities where chronic diseases were less prevalent. Conclusion: This thesis supports that family dynamics, community factors, and chronic conditions exert significant impacts on late-life depression in China. Thus, it’s essential to enhance community capacity, and target modifiable material, behavioural and psychosocial factors to address the demands of these vulnerable older population groups.sv
dc.language.isoengsv
dc.relation.haspartDong, X., Ng, N., Santosa, A. Family structure and depressive symptoms among older adults in China: A marginal structural model analysis. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2023; 324: 364–369. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.12.067sv
dc.relation.haspartDong, X., Ng, N., Jacobsson, L., Santosa, A. The offspring’s marital status and parental depressive symptoms in China. (Manuscript)sv
dc.relation.haspartDong, X., Ng, N. Contribution of multiple pathways to the relationship between visual impairment and depression: Explaining mental health inequalities among older Chinese adults. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2021; 278: 350–356. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.068sv
dc.relation.haspartDong, X., Ng, N., Jacobsson, L., Santosa, A. Chronic health conditions and trajectories of depressive symptoms in late adulthood: The moderating role of age-friendly community. (Submitted)sv
dc.subjectdepressionsv
dc.subjectfamily structuresv
dc.subjectoffspringsv
dc.subjectneighbourhoodsv
dc.subjectassociationsv
dc.subjecttrajectorysv
dc.subjectchronic health conditionssv
dc.subjectmediationsv
dc.subjectvisual impairmentsv
dc.titleThe impact of family, community, and chronic conditions on late-life depression in Chinasv
dc.typetexteng
dc.type.svepDoctoral thesiseng
dc.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (Medicine)sv
dc.gup.originUniversity of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska Academysv
dc.gup.departmentInstitute of Medicine. Department of Public Health and Community Medicinesv
dc.gup.defenceplaceOnsdagen den 15 maj 2024, kl. 9.00, M106 K Isaksson, Medicinaregatan 16, Göteborgsv
dc.gup.defencedate2024-05-15
dc.gup.dissdb-fakultetSA


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