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dc.contributor.authorNyman, Gunnar
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-03T08:53:41Z
dc.date.available2022-10-03T08:53:41Z
dc.date.issued2022-10-03
dc.identifier.isbn978-91-8009-929-5 (tryckt)
dc.identifier.isbn978-91-8009-930-1 (PDF)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2077/71518
dc.description.abstractCosmetics, including biocosmetics and “natural” skin remedies are common causes of contact dermatitis. Two frequent ingredients in biocosmetics are beeswax and propolis, which are known causes of contact allergy. These ingredients share components, with each other, and with plant-derived products and fragrances. The composition of propolis varies according to the plants growing in the vicinity of the beehive. How this variation influences the tendency of the propolis to cause contact allergy is not known. The aim of this dissertation was to investigate contact allergy to beeswax and to propolis of different geographical origins. The method for demonstrating contact allergy is patch testing, a standardized provocation test. We studied the frequency of contact allergy to beeswax and propolis in patients with cheilitis and facial dermatitis. Two studies regarding contact allergy to propolis of different geographical origins (from China, Lithuania, North America, and Sweden) were carried out. One included patients referred for patch testing in West Sweden, and the other included such patients in Denmark, Lithuania, and Spain. High frequencies of contact allergy to beeswax and propolis, were found. Small differences between the four types of propolis were demonstrated in each country. Propolis originating from China, and from Lithuania gave statistically higher frequencies of contact allergy than propolis from Sweden in the four countries together. High frequencies of concomitant positive patch test reactions between propolis, beeswax, and plant-related products and fragrances were found. Beeswax and propolis should be considered as causes of contact allergy in patients with cheilitis and facial dermatitis. Patch testing with just one propolis preparation detected about half of the propolis-allergic patients. Contact allergy to propolis was so common that it should be considered for inclusion in regular patch testing.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.relation.haspartI.Nyman, G. Tang, M. Inerot, A. Osmancevic, A. Malmberg, P. Hagvall, L. Contact allergy to beeswax and propolis among patients with cheilitis or facial dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 2019; 81: 110-116 http://doi.org/10.1111/cod.13306en
dc.relation.haspartII. Nyman, G. Oldberg Wagner, S. Prystupa-Chalkidis, K. Ryberg, K. Hagvall, L. Contact Allergy in Western Sweden to Propolis of Four Different Origins. Acta Derm Venereol 2020; 100: adv 00256 http://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3615en
dc.relation.haspartIII. Nyman, G. Giménez-Arnau, AM. Grigatiene, J. Malinauskiene, L. Paulsen, E. Hagvall, L. Patch Testing with Propolis of Different Geographical Origins in a Baseline Series. Acta Derm Venereol 2021; 101: adv00591 http://doi.org/10.2340/actadv.v101.423en
dc.subjectBeeswaxen
dc.subjectCaffeic aciden
dc.subjectCaffeic acid 1,1-dimethylallyl esteren
dc.subjectCaffeic acid phenylethyl esteren
dc.subjectCera albaen
dc.subjectCera flavaen
dc.subjectCheilitisen
dc.subjectConcomitant reactivityen
dc.subjectPatch testen
dc.subjectPropolisen
dc.titleContact Allergy to Propolis and Beeswax Occurrence, Diagnostics and Chemistryen
dc.typetexteng
dc.type.svepDoctoral thesiseng
dc.gup.mailnyman@cutis.nuen
dc.type.degreeDoctor of Philosophy (Medicine)en
dc.gup.originUniversity of Gothenburg. Sahlgrenska Academyen
dc.gup.departmentInstitute of Clinical Sciences. Department of Dermatology and Venereologyen
dc.gup.defenceplaceFredagen den 21 oktober 2022, kl. 13.00, Hörsal Arvid Carlsson, Academicum, Medicinaregatan 3, Göteborgen
dc.gup.defencedate2022-10-21
dc.gup.dissdb-fakultetSA


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