|dc.description.abstract||The study is aimed at investigating the Slovenian philosopher Slavoj Žižeks theories of
the ontology of the subject, the crisis of our modern society and his views on how theology,
especially Christian theology, can provide the answer for the threats to our society.
My main object is the article Descartes and the post-traumatic subject (2008)
where Žižek elaborates thoughts about the subject and our capitalistic society. To be able
to grasp these thoughts in full I have undergone an investigation not only on the writings
of Slavoj Žižek, but also on the philosophers to whom he owe much of his theories,
such as G.W.F. Hegel, Friedriech Schelling, Karl Marx and Jaques Lacan.
In the study I have shown how the subject is, according to Žižeks psychoanalytic
theories, decentered. That it's lacking a stable core, that it basically is lack. One of the
main problems, creating our global capitalistic “worldless“ and excluding society is, according
to Žižek, the fact that we do not realize this, but instead are forever attached to
the fantasy of returning to the paradise from which we once came.
I have done the above to provide an understanding of how the psychoanalytic
goal of “traversing the fantasy” is for the subject to realize its status as a decentered subject,
to no longer search for its lost origins, a paradise from which it has been thrown
out. I have also shown how Christianity today can be the answer to these problems by
rethinking the death of Christ as the death of God, the death of transcendence, and as the
death of objet petit a, the object-cause of desire. And last I have provided an interpretation
of Jesus Christ as the revolutionary grounding post-traumatic subject as the starting
point from where our society must go to become a totally inclusive one, and how the
ritual of the Eucharist is the main vessel for the overcoming of the society into a new social
community, an egalitarian community in the Holy Spirit.||sv